Pre-dynastic graves contained beads made of shell, common stones or dried mud strung together into simple necklaces or bracelets. They used to produce decorative and imaginative jewelry.
It was worn by men, women and children of all classes. Jewelry served as personal adornment, and was used in funerary work, adding color to the pain, white linen garb and indicating rank.
In the beginnings of the Dynastic Period, when the country was first unified under one ruler, the arts and crafts began to flourish in the service of both riyal and private patrons. In addition to the necklaces of simple strings of beads, the wide beaded collar and elaborate bracelets became popular.
|Jewelry of Sithathoriunet (Ancient Egyptian king's daughter of the 12th dynasty)|
In the Amarna period (late 8th dynasty) scenes Akhenaten, accompanied by his wife and daughters leans out of a ceremonial window and hands gold necklaces down to the honored individual.
Large quantities of jewelry were also produced for gods and stored in temple treasuries. During temple ceremonies, the jewelry was place on statues of the gods.
Color in jewelry certainly had symbolic meaning. Blue was used to ward off the evil eye, and green was the color of growth and regeneration.
The 18th Dynasty was a period of great wealth, a more extravagant used of gold. Gold either used by itself, or elegantly combined with brightly colored semiprecious stones such as lapis lazuli, turquoise or carnelian.
The lower classes wore jewelry fashioned out of copper and faience- a substitute for lapis lazuli. Even the poorest of the peasants had something - they wore jewelry fashioned out of blue glass or even strands of wildflowers.
Jewelry in ancient Egypt